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Iraq General Information
 
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Iraq Transportations
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General

Major cities, towns and villages are connected by a modern network of highways and roads which have made old caravan routes extinct. The city of Baghdad has been reshaped by the development of expressways through the city and by passes built since the 1970s. By 2002, Iraq had 45,550 km of roads, of which 38,400 km were paved. There were some 1,422,032 cars and 332,026 commercial vehicles in use as of 2000.

Railroads are owned and operated by the Iraqi State Railways Administration. A standard-gauge railroad connects Iraq with Jordan and Syria, and nearly all the old metre-gauge line connecting Irbil in the north with Basra, by way of Kirkuk and Baghdad, has been replaced. In 2006, there were about 2,272 km of railway lines.

Iraq had 150 airports in 2002, of which 77 had paved runways. However, an unknown number were damaged during the March-April 2003 war. Baghdad, Basra, and Mosul have international airports. Iraq Airways is the state-owned carrier; in the 1980s, its international flights landed only at night because of the Iraqi-Iranian war. The war also virtually closed Iraq's main port of Basra and the new port of Umm Qasr on the Persian Gulf.

Iraq has some 5,279 km of waterways; the Shatt al Arab is usually navigable by maritime traffic for 130 km; the Tigris and Euphrates has navigable sections for shallow-draft boats, and the Shatt al Basrah canal was navigable by shallow-draft craft before closing in 1991 because of the Gulf War. Expansion of Iraq's merchant marine, which totaled 1,470,000 GRT in 1980, was halted by the war with Iran and again by the Persian Gulf War; by 2007, the merchant marine totaled only 13 ships with a total capacity of 67,796 GRT.

Overview

Airports
110 (2007)

Airports - with paved runways
total: 76
over 3,047 m: 19
2,438 to 3,047 m: 37
1,524 to 2,437 m: 5
914 to 1,523 m: 6
under 914 m: 9 (2007)

Airports - with unpaved runways
total: 34
over 3,047 m: 3
2,438 to 3,047 m: 4
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 13
under 914 m: 10 (2007)

Heliports
17 (2007)

Pipelines
gas 2,250 km; liquid petroleum gas 918 km; oil 5,509 km; refined products 1,637 km (2007)

Railways
total: 2,272 km
standard gauge: 2,272 km 1.435-m gauge (2006)

Roadways
total: 45,550 km
paved: 38,399 km
unpaved: 7,151 km (2002)

Waterways
5,279 km
note: Euphrates River (2,815 km), Tigris River (1,899 km), and Third River (565 km) are principal waterways (2006)

Merchant marine
total: 13 ships (1000 GRT or over) 67,796 GRT/101,317 DWT
by type: cargo 11, petroleum tanker 2 (2007)

Ports and terminals
Al Basrah, Khawr az Zubayr, Umm Qasr

 

 
 


 



 


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