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Iraq Population


The population of Iraq in 2003 was estimated by the United Nations at 25,175,000, which placed it as number 42 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In that year approximately 3% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 47% of the population under 15 years of age. There were 103 males for every 100 females in the country in 2003. According to the UN, the annual population growth rate for 2000-2005 is 2.68%, with the projected population for the year 2015 at 34,226,000. The population density in 2002 was 54 per sq km (139 per sq mi). Mesopotamia is the most densely populated region.

It was estimated by the Population Reference Bureau that 77% of the population lived in urban areas in 2001. The capital city, Baghdad, had a population of 4,689,000 in that year. Other major cities included Arbil, 2,368,000, and Mosul, 1,034,000. According to the United Nations, the urban population growth rate for 2000-2005 was 3.3%.


28,221,181 (July 2008 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years: 39.2% (male 5,613,420/female 5,438,770)
15-64 years: 57.9% (male 8,270,573/female 8,057,423)
65 years and over: 3% (male 396,751/female 444,244) (2008 est.)

Median age
total: 20.2 years
male: 20.1 years
female: 20.2 years (2008 est.)

Population growth rate
2.562% (2008 est.)

Birth rate
30.77 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Death rate
5.14 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Net migration rate

Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2008 est.)

Infant mortality rate
total: 45.43 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 51.06 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 39.53 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
total population: 69.62 years
male: 68.32 years
female: 70.99 years (2008 est.)

Total fertility rate
3.97 children born/woman (2008 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
less than 0.1% (2001 est.)

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
fewer than 500 (2003 est.)

HIV/AIDS - deaths

Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2008)

noun: Iraqi(s)
adjective: Iraqi

Ethnic groups
Arab 75%-80%, Kurdish 15%-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian, or other 5%

Muslim 97% (Shi'a 60%-65%, Sunni 32%-37%), Christian or other 3%

Arabic, Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Turkoman (a Turkish dialect), Assyrian (Neo-Aramaic), Armenian

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 74.1%
male: 84.1%
female: 64.2% (2000 est.)





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