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Iraq Communications
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General

The 2003 Iraq war severely disrupted telecommunications throughout Iraq, including international connections. USAID is overseeing the repair of switching capability and the construction of mobile and satellite communications facilities.

There are approximately 80 radio broadcast stations and 21 television broadcast stations, as of 2004. There are approximately 4.85 million radios and 1.75 million televisions in Iraq (as of 1997).

Until the overthrow of Saddam Hussein, internet access was tightly controlled and very few people were thought to be online; in 2004 it was estimated that about 36,000 Iraqis used the internet. Since the overthrow of Saddam Hussein, internet access has become commonplace. Uruklink, originally the sole Iraqi Internet service provider, now faces competition from other ISPs, including broadband satellite internet access services from both Middle East and European VSAT hubs.

Overview

Telephones - main lines in use
1.547 million (2005)

Telephones - mobile cellular
10.9 million (2007)

Telephone system
general assessment: the 2003 liberation of Iraq severely disrupted telecommunications throughout Iraq including international connections; widespread government efforts to rebuild domestic and international communications through fibre-optic links are in progress; the mobile cellular market has expanded rapidly with an estimated 10.9 million current users
domestic: repairs to switches and lines destroyed during 2003 continue; additional switching capacity is improving access; cellular service is available and centred on 3 GSM networks which are being expanded beyond their regional roots, improving country-wide connectivity; wireless local loop licences have been issued with the hope of overcoming the lack of fixed-line infrastructure
international: country code - 964; satellite earth stations - 4 (2 Intelsat - 1 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean, 1 Intersputnik - Atlantic Ocean region, and 1 Arabsat (inoperative)); local microwave radio relay connects border regions to Jordan, Kuwait, Syria and Turkey; planned international fibre-optic connections to Iran (terrestrial) with a link to the Fibre-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG) submarine fibre-optic cable (2007)

Radio broadcast stations
after 17 months of unregulated media growth, there are approximately 80 radio stations (types NA) on the air inside Iraq (2004)

Television broadcast stations
21 (2004)

Internet country code
.iq

Internet hosts
3 (2007)

Internet users
36,000 (2004)

 

 
 


 



 


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